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Rajasthan Travel

About Rajasthan

Rajasthan is one of the most fascinating regions of the world, one of its oldest civilizations with an extremely rich cultural heritage. Today, it is one of India's top performing regional economies. In 1999-2000, Rajasthan was the fastest growing state in the country with a compounded annual growth rate of 9.18 per cent.

Rajasthan is a predominantly agrarian state where agriculture contributes about 25 to 40 per cent of the State's Domestic Product, and about 70 per cent of the population is engaged in agriculture and allied activities. The main crops of the State are food grains, pulses and oilseeds. The State has emerged as a leading oilseed producer in the case of rape-seed, soyabean and mustard.

Administrative System
Rajasthan is one of the 27 states of India. The State, in its present form, came into existence as a conglomeration of 19 princely states and 3 chiefships which varied in size, administrative efficiency and socio-economic development at the time of the formation of the State. At present, Rajasthan is divided into 32 districts which are further divided into 241 tehsils, 183 municipalities, 237 Panchayat Samities and 9,184 village panchayats. Karauli District is the latest addition in the category of districts in the State

Rajasthan has a total area of 0.342 million sq kms, making it geographically the largest state in the country. The State shares its geographical boundaries with the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Its north-western and western regions, comprising 11 districts covering 61 per cent of the total area and 40 per cent population of the State, form the "Great Indian Thar Desert".

Rajasthan is situated in the north-western part of India. It covers 3,42,239 square kilometres (1,32,139 square miles). Rajasthan lies between latitudes 23 degree 3' and 30 degree 12', north and longitudes 69 degree 30' and 78 degree 17', east. Compared to many countries that are located in a similar latitudinal belt, such as in northern Arabia, Rajasthan has a less harsh climate. The State's scorching and dry summers and its parched landscape are undergoing significant changes because of the developmental efforts that have led to the spread of the Indira Gandhi Nahar.

The southern part of Rajasthan is about 225 km from the Gulf of Kutch and about 400 km from the Arabian Sea. Rajasthan is bounded by Pakistan in the west and north-west; by the State of Punjab in the north; by Haryana in the north-east; by Uttar Pradesh in the east, by Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Gujarat in the south-west.

The Aravali mountain ranges that run from Delhi to Gujarat cut through the State almost vertically. The Aravali ranges divide the State through south-east and north-west. The north-west region covering two-thirds of the State consists mostly of a series of sand dunes. Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and part of the Jhunjhunu districts form part of this region. The eastern region has large fertile tracts.

Land Area
3,42,239 sq km (1,32,139 sq miles)

North-western India shares an international border with Pakistan and domestic borders with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. It lies between 23 degree 3' and 30 degree 12', north latitudes and 69 degree 30' and 78 degree 17', east longitudes.

The climate of Rajasthan varies from semi-arid to arid. The mercury touches 49 degrees centigrade at some places during summer and drops below freezing point during winter. Though the average annual rainfall ranges between 200-400 mm, it is as low as 150 mm in extreme arid zones and as high as 1,000 mm in the south-eastern part of the State. Most of the rainfall (60-80%) is received with the south-west monsoon in the period from July to September. The average number of rainy days vary from 6 to 42, depending on the aridity of the area.

Time Zone
GMT + 5 1/2 hours

Population 56.5 million (2001)
Density of population 165 per sq km (2001)
Urban Population 23.38 per cent of population (2001)
Literacy Rate 61 per cent
Languages Spoken
Hindi and Rajasthani are the principal languages prevalent in the State. English is the preferred business language.
Major Religion
Majority are Hindus. Jains also form a sizeable part of the population. Other religions also include Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs

Economic Profile
Cement, textiles, oilseeds processing, engineering, chemicals.

Principal Exports
The main items of export are gems and ornaments, woollen carpets, handprint clothes, tie and dye clothes, handicrafts, marbles and marble idols, engineering goods, etc.

Principal Crops
Barley, millet, maize, gram, wheat, oilseeds, pulses, cotton and tobacco, orange, chillies, mustard, cumin seeds, methi and soyabean.

Principal Minerals
Jasper, garnet, wollastonite, copper ore, iron ore, manganese ore, tungsten ore, pyrites, ceramic minerals, building stones.

Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Jaisalmer.

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